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Your 3D Models on the Web

We recommend using 3D models in GLB (glTF 2.0 binary) format for all WebAR experiences. GLB is currently the best format for WebAR with its small file size, great performance and versatile feature support (PBR, animations, etc).

Converting Models to GLB format

Before you export, ensure that:

  • Pivot point is at the base of the model (if you expect it to attach to the ground)
  • Forward vector of object is along Z axis (if you expect it to face forward)

If your model is exported as a glTF, drag and drop the glTF folder into and click Export to convert it to a GLB.

If your model can not be exported to glTF/GLB from 3D modeling software, import it in Blender and export as gLTF or use a converter.

Online converters: Creators3D, Boxshot

Native converters: Maya2glTF, 3DS Max

A full list of converters can be found at

It's a good idea to view the model in glTF Viewer before importing it to an 8th Wall project. This will help catch any issues with your model prior to adding it to an 8th Wall project.

After you import into an 8th Wall project, ensure that:

  • Scale appears correct at (1, 1, 1). If scale is off by a significant amount (i.e. 0.0001 or 10000), do not change the scale in code. Instead, change it in your modeling software and re-import. Changing the scale significantly in code may result in clipping issues with the model.
  • Materials appear correct. If your model has reflective materials, they may appear black unless given something to reflect. See the reflections sample project and/or the glass sample project

For more information about 3D model best practices, reference the GLB optimization section.

Please also view the 5 Tips for Developers to Make Any 8th Wall WebAR Project More Realistic blog post.

Converting FBX to GLB

The following instructions will explain how to install and run the Facebook-developed FBX2glTF CLI conversion tool locally on your Mac. This tool is by far the most reliable tool any one of us at 8th Wall have used yet for FBX to GLB conversion and we have used it for all our first party content to date.

Installing FBX2glTF on your Mac

  1. Download this file:
  2. Open Terminal
  3. Navigate to the Downloads folder: cd ~/Downloads
  4. Make the file executable: chmod +x FBX2glTF-darwin-x64
  5. If you see a warning about the downloaded file, simply click Cancel


  1. Open System Preferences -> Security & Privacy, click the Lock icon and then enter your macOS password.


  1. Click Allow Anyway
  2. Close System Preferences.
  3. Return to the Terminal window
  4. Re-run the previous command (pressing the Up arrow should restore the previous command): chmod +x FBX2glTF-darwin-x64
  5. An updated warning will be displayed, click Open:


  1. At this point you should be able to successfully run the FBX2glTF

Copy FBX2glTF to a system directory (Optional)

To make it easier to run the FBX2glTF converter, copy it into the /usr/local/bin directory. This eliminates the need to navigate to the Downloads folder each time to run the command.

  1. From the Downloads folder, run sudo cp ./FBX2glTF-darwin-x64 /usr/local/bin
  2. The system will likely ask for your macOS password. Type it in and press Enter
  3. Since /usr/local/bin should be in your PATH by default, you can now simply run FBX2glTF-darwin-x64 from any directory.

Running FBX2glTF on your Mac

  1. In Terminal, navigate to the folder where your fbx files are located. Here are some helpful commands for traversing directories via command line on macOS:
  • pwd outputs the current directory of the terminal.
  • ls lists the contents of the current directlory.
  • cd changes directory, and takes either a relative (e.g cd ~/Downloads) or absolute path (e.g. cd /var/tmp)
  1. Run the FBX2glTF-darwin-x64 and pass in parameters for input (-i) and output (-o) files.

FBX2glTF Example

FBX2glTF-darwin-x64 -i yourfile.fbx -o newfile.glb
  1. The above example will convert yourfile.fbx into a new GLB file named newfile.glb
  2. Drag and Drop the newly created GLB file into to verify it works correctly.
  3. For advanced configuration of the glb conversion, check out the following commands:

FBX2glTF Batch Conversion

If you have multiple FBX files in the same directory, you can convert them all at once

  1. In Terminal, navigate to the folder containing multiple FBX files
  2. Run the following command:

FBX2glTF Batch Conversion Example

ls *.fbx | xargs -n1 -I {} FBX2glTF-darwin-x64  -i {} -o {}.glb
  1. This should produce glb versions of each fbx file you have in the current folder!

GLB Optimization

Optimizing assets is a critical step to creating magical WebAR content. Large assets can lead to issues such as infinite loading, black textures, and crashes.

Texture Optimization

Textures are usually the biggest contributor to large file sizes, it’s a good idea to optimize these first.

For best results, we suggest using textures 1024x1024 or smaller. Texture sizes should always be set to the power of two (512x512, 1024x1024, etc).

This can be done using your favorite image editing and/or 3D modeling program; however, if you already have an existing GLB model, a quick and easy way to resize the textures within the 3D model is to use

  • Drag your 3D model onto the page. In the left column, set the maximum desired texture size (1).
  • Click play (2) to run the script. The Console (lower left) will display status of the operation.
  • Download your modified GLB model by clicking Export (3)



Compression can greatly reduce file size. Draco compression is the most popular compression method and can be configured in Blender export settings or after exporting in

Loading compressed models to your project requires additional configuration. Reference the A-Frame sample project or the three.js sample project for more information.

Geometry Optimization

For further optimization, decimate the model to reduce polygon count.

In Blender, apply the Decimate modifier to the model and reduce the Ratio setting to a value under 1.

Select Apply Modifiers in the export settings.

Optimization Tutorial